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New Published Analysis Finds Opioid-Related Adverse Events Increase Hospital Stays, Costs of Care and Risks of Readmission and Mortality
Retrospective Study Published in Pharmacotherapy Identifies Advanced Age, Obesity, Pre-Surgery Opioid Use and Comorbid Conditions as Predictive Risk Factors for Adverse Events
Specifically, patients experiencing an ORAE:
- Had a 55 percent longer hospital stay than patients without an ORAE (9.5 days vs. 6.1 days, P<0.001)
Had a 47 percent higher hospitalization cost compared to
patients without an ORAE (
$21,012vs. $14,291, P<0.001)
- Had a 36 percent increased risk of 30-day readmission compared to patients without an ORAE (P<0.001)
- Had a 3.4 times greater risk of inpatient mortality than patients without an ORAE (P<0.001)
Researchers were also able to identify a series of characteristics that increased patients’ risks for ORAEs. Predictive risk factors for an adverse event related to opioid use included: patient age of 65 or older, obesity, greater number of comorbidities and pre-surgery opioid use.
“This regionally focused analysis mirrors findings from previously
published national analyses that demonstrated the meaningful and
measurable impact of opioid-related adverse events on patient outcomes
and healthcare system costs,” said
In this retrospective analysis, researchers reviewed administrative
discharge data at 26 hospitals in the southeastern
Researchers conducted statistical analysis to evaluate risk factors that may predispose patients to postsurgical ORAEs and compared differences in length of stay, total hospitalization costs, 30-day readmission rates and inpatient mortality between the patients who experienced an ORAE and those who did not.
The research was supported by
EXPAREL (bupivacaine liposome injectable suspension) is indicated for single-dose infiltration into the surgical site to produce postsurgical analgesia. The product combines bupivacaine with DepoFoam, a proven product delivery technology that delivers medication over a desired time period. EXPAREL represents the first and only multivesicular liposome local anesthetic that can be utilized in the peri- or postsurgical setting in the same fashion as current local anesthetics. By utilizing the DepoFoam platform, a single dose of EXPAREL delivers bupivacaine over time, providing analgesia with reduced opioid requirements for up to 72 hours. Pivotal studies have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of EXPAREL in patients undergoing bunionectomy or hemorrhoidectomy procedures and additional studies are underway to further demonstrate the safety and efficacy in other procedures. Additional information is available at www.EXPAREL.com.
Important Safety Information
EXPAREL is contraindicated in obstetrical paracervical block anesthesia. EXPAREL has not been studied for use in patients younger than 18 years of age. Non-bupivacaine-based local anesthetics, including lidocaine, may cause an immediate release of bupivacaine from EXPAREL if administered together locally. The administration of EXPAREL may follow the administration of lidocaine after a delay of 20 minutes or more. Other formulations of bupivacaine should not be administered within 96 hours following administration of EXPAREL. Monitoring of cardiovascular and neurological status, as well as vital signs should be performed during and after injection of EXPAREL as with other local anesthetic products. Because amide-type local anesthetics, such as bupivacaine, are metabolized by the liver, EXPAREL should be used cautiously in patients with hepatic disease. Patients with severe hepatic disease, because of their inability to metabolize local anesthetics normally, are at a greater risk of developing toxic plasma concentrations. In clinical trials, the most common adverse reactions (incidence greater-than or equal to 10%) following EXPAREL administration were nausea, constipation, and vomiting.
Please see the full Prescribing Information for more details available at http://www.exparel.com/pdf/EXPAREL_Prescribing_Information.pdf.
Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
James S. Scibetta, 973-254-3570
Pure Communications, Inc.
Susan Heins, 864-286-9597